There are various foods that help in minimizing the risk of Cancer and its prevention. In this article, we’ll discuss all the necessary foods that can help you in this regard. First, we’ll start by discussing what Cancer actually is.
What is cancer?
When a few of the body’s cells develop out of control and spread to other internal organs, it is called cancer. Cancer can appear almost anywhere in the trillions of cells that make up the human body. When the body needs new cells, human cells frequently divide (through a process known as cell proliferation and multiplication). New cells replace old ones when they die as a result of aging or damage. Occasionally, this systematic process fails, causing damaged or aberrant cells to proliferate when they shouldn’t. These cells have the ability to develop into tumors, which are tissue lumps.
Dietary risk factors for cancer
Diets low in whole grains, as well as the conversion of whole grain foods to refined grain foods, lose important anticancer functional components. Bran, which makes about 10% of cereal grains and contains a variety of phytochemicals including anticancer polyphenols, flavonoids, and pigments, is discarded as a byproduct of the milling process.
Low intake of fresh vegetables in the diet is a significant risk factor for cancer, particularly when combined with malnutrition. Numerous vitamins from vegetables have anticancer properties, but they are quickly damaged when cooked.
The risk of all cancers was significantly reduced by taking daily multivitamin supplements. Diets high in vitamins B6 and riboflavins were linked to a lower incidence of cancers such as colorectal, lung, breast, and others.
To minimize the negative effects on quality of life and performance status, iron efficacy is advised as a crucial component of current cancer patient therapy. Zinc-level regulatory dysfunctions in prostate cancer cells have been discovered, and thus may be a key factor in the pathogenesis of the disease. One of the main causes of cancer is a bad diet, which includes foods like red meat, alcohol, hot tea, salt, and other things.
Obesity is one of the factors that contribute to the development of cancer, but the majority of cases of obesity result from a combination of high-calorie intake and insufficient exercise. Colorectal, breast, prostate, endometrial, pancreas, liver, ovarian, kidney, gallbladder, leukemia, and oesophageal cancers are common malignancies researched in the context of obesity.
Foods that help in minimizing the risk of Cancer and its prevention
The following foods help in the prevention of various types of cancers.
Cereals and cancer
Cereal grains are the main ingredient in both human and animal feed as well as products used to prevent cancer. Although cereals (rice, barley, and wheat) make up the majority of the calories consumed by humans, little is known about how they might help prevent cancer.
Consuming whole grains has been linked to a lower risk of developing certain malignancies, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes. Lunasin is a new peptide that reduces cholesterol, fights inflammation, and prevents the development of cancer.
Brown rice that has been germinated is not only more abundant in the essential nutrients and bioactive components, but it has also gained popularity as a functional meal with a variety of health benefits, such as those for diabetes, hypertension, and chronic cancer conditions
In addition to having soluble fiber, barley grain aids in the prevention of numerous diseases, such as type II diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and colorectal cancer.
Vegetables and cancer prevention
Bitter melon is used as food as well as medicine. The bitter melon diet can be used as a treatment for cancers of the prostate, breast, colon, and testicles. As a result, bitter melon may have numerous health benefits and be consumed as food.
In Asia and Europe, aromatic allium vegetables can be consumed to prevent a variety of cancers, including oral, pharyngeal, esophageal, stomach, colorectal, laryngeal, breast, ovarian, prostate, and renal cell cancers. Leeks, garlic, onions, scallions, chives, and other allium vegetables are linked to a lower risk of prostate cancer.
Brussels sprouts, broccoli, cabbage, mustard greens, and other cruciferous vegetables have attracted interest as dietary components that may prevent certain cancers. The risk of colorectal, colon, prostate, and bladder cancer is inversely related to the consumption of cruciferous vegetables (cabbage and broccoli).
Mushrooms in cancer prevention
Since ancient times, mushrooms have been utilized extensively for food, medicine, and practical purposes. Breast cancer, colon cancer, gastric cancer, prostate cancer, pancreatic cancer, cervical and ovarian cancer, as well as endometrial cancer were all targets of the antitumor effects of mushrooms. Ergosterol peroxide and trametenolic acid, two of the six primary compounds that were extracted from the mushroom Inonotus obliquus, clearly exhibited cytotoxicity on human prostatic and breast cancer cells.
Beverages crops that help in cancer prevention
Camellia sinensis ( Tea) is most popular all over the world. More than 91% of the world’s tea is grown in Asia. Based on green tea’s powerful antioxidants and ability to inhibit carcinogenesis, the globe became interested in using it to prevent cancer, namely esophagus, stomach, bladder, kidney, urinary tract, colon, rectum, uterus, prostate, liver, lung, breast, pancreatic, and skin cancer.
Regular consumers of hing gallate showed a 40% reduction in the risk of breast, prostate, and ovarian cancer. In Chinese populations, green tea’s 30–40% polyphenol content reduced the chance of developing ovarian, breast, prostate, gastric, colorectal, and adult leukemia.
Whole grain to refined grain foods for diet, a lack of fresh vegetables, an unhealthy lifestyle, and obesity are major dietary cancer risk factors in people. Functional foods with whole grains and their byproducts (brown rice, rice bran, barley grass powder, wholemeal wheat and barley, buckwheat), some vegetables (bitter melon, garlic, onions, cabbage, broccoli, and so on), some mushrooms (boletes, Tricholoma matsutake, and so on), as well as beverages crop (green tea and coffee), are the strategies of cancer prevention in humans.