Goals and Vision of Pakistan’s Establishment

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A history student, an analyst, and every Pakistani must be aware of the intentions and objectives that led to the foundation of Pakistan. They offer an in-depth understanding of the ideology upon which Pakistan was founded as well as the development of the “Two Nation” doctrine throughout history. Contrary to their historical splendor, Muslims in the area became subordinate to their colonizers once the British took over the Indo-Pak peninsula in the 18th century. Muslims initially maintained their distance while Hindus accepted the western educational system and sought out high positions in the political system. We witnessed a more diverse Muslim community as a result of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan’s tireless efforts. Due to the persecution and atrocities committed by the Hindu majority, Muslim identity and culture were at risk. Muslims pressed conquerors to provide them a separate geographic territory so they could have complete sovereignty. They sought their own educational, democratic, economic, and social system. A boundary was defined, and Muslims in the area were given a distinct homeland in 1947 as a result of the British’s persistent efforts, the strong character of Quaid e Azam and other leaders, as well as other events including the Second World War in 1945. Let’s examine the historical context of Pakistan’s founding goals and objectives to have a deeper understanding.

Pakistan's Establishment

Implementation of the supreme authority of Allah

The establishment and development of an Islamic state are guided by the supremacy of God Almighty’s edicts. Its decisions are based only on the idea of God Almighty’s supremacy. Pakistan was established as a place where Muslims may live according to Islamic law.

Keeping Muslim Culture Alive

The colonists’ tastes influence and shape the social and cultural structures of the colonies. Hindus advanced professionally under the British system, whereas Muslim identity and culture were threatened by their occupiers and a hostile Hindu majority. It was necessary to establish Pakistan in order to protect Muslim social structures and culture.

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Safeguarding and reviving the Muslim identity

Muslim rule persisted for generations. Their identity was compromised when the British acquired control of the subcontinent’s highest levels of government as a result of the Muslim empire’s frailty and the East India Company’s astute leadership. Muslims sought to rediscover who they once were. Additionally, and perhaps more importantly, the Hindu populace’s prejudice toward the Muslim population made living for them tough, to put it mildly. Muslims required protection from the Hindu majority’s dominance; after making enormous sacrifices, Muslims were able to secure their right to a distinct homeland because to Quaid e Azam’s tenacity and determination.

Creation of a harmonious financial system

Every society’s economic system is its backbone. Muslims in the subcontinent lacked an economic framework and relied on the British; also, Hindus dominated government and education. Muslims were weak in many respects and could not compete economically on equal terms with Hindus due to Britishers’ discriminatory patronage of Hindus during the war of revolt in 1857, in which Muslims were considered accountable for the entire affair.

Theory of the Two Nations

Formally, Allama Iqbal coined the phrase “Two Nation Theory” in his Allahabad address in 1930, but the concept has been around for a long time; Al-Beruni, in his book Kitab ul Hind, alludes to the prejudicial and racial nature of Hindus, and Mujaddid Alf Sani also gave the concept years before the theory became mainstream explicitly. The causes were numerous; Muslims and Hindus were unique and apart in many respects, including disparities in their lifestyles. The subcontinent’s social fabric never saw the two communities totally integrate, and one could easily distinguish their distinctions at a glance. The argument holds that Muslims are socially, economically, culturally, historically, religiously, and politically distinct from Hindus; they want a separate country to exercise their beliefs because the two communities cannot live in harmony due to glaring contrasts in their value systems.

Liberation from the oppressive majority rule

Pakistan's Establishment

Following the War of Independence in 1857, Muslims were held culpable and oppressed by the British. They gave significant public jobs to Hindus while keeping Muslims out of the top echelons of government. Hindus took advantage of the circumstance and began their own persecution; they used to prevent Muslims from practicing Islam and living freely. The Congress government of 1937 was the final nail in the coffin of Hindu-Muslim unity and a unified India; it made Muslim leaders recognize that Hindus are incorrigible, and Muslims cannot follow their doctrine in the presence of such a hostile Hindu majority. As a result, the 1940s were the decade in which Muslims pushed their demand for a separate country more forcefully.

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Islamic Democracy Establishment

Islamic democracy believes in God’s sovereignty, and people have the right to recommend changes to the government structure, but not on things already decided by the Almighty. Allah Almighty has recommended a comprehensive political structure for an Islamic state that differs from the western concept of democracy in which the people are placed first. Islam does not advocate democracy founded on the principles of “of the people, by the people, and for the people.” We can infer that as time progressed, the aims and objectives of Pakistan became evident to the Muslims of the subcontinent; the most prominent goal of Pakistan’s founding was to create a laboratory in which Muslims might practice an Islamic way of life.

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