According to the CDC, there are presently 862,000 hepatitis B carriers in the United States. Hepatitis B infection is often acute or transient.

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About 15–25% of persons with chronic hepatitis B may develop long-term consequences such as liver cancer or cirrhosis. Although there is no therapy for the illness, it can be managed.

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Hepatitis B normally spreads when a carrier’s blood or sperm enters the body of an uninfected individual. Risk elements consist of:

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1. having sexual relations without using restraints
2. sharing syringes
3. tattooing with non-sterile needles

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1. unintentional skin piercings from medical equipment sharing of personal goods like a toothbrush or razor
2. nursing by an infected person giving birth to a child by an infected person

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Hepatitis B symptoms that a person may experience include fever, rash, joint pain, arthritis, fatigue, abdominal pain, biliary obstruction, nausea, and anorexia.

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To diagnose hepatitis B, medical practitioners will follow numerous steps. These include discussing sexual activity and needles used with the individual.

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Testing blood samples for antibodies and antigens is another step in the diagnostic procedure.

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